Honduras is a set up as a Central Republic. Thus, it has departments instead of states. The biggest difference is perhaps that as departments, the population does not elect its governors. As a matter of fact, although governors in Honduras are named directly by the president, they do not have any real authority.
If you do plan to travel to Honduras, I would like to share some travel tips to make your time in Honduras special. First of all, you should decide if your travel to Honduras will be part of a larger trip to other Central American countries, such as Guatemala or Nicaragua.